Private Equity Firm

private equity glossary

Secondary Market

This word is used to describe businesses that are in trouble and whose management will cause the business to become profitable so they are no longer in trouble. Purchase of a business by an outside team of managers who have found financial backers and plan to manage the business actively themselves. Selling an interest in your business to an outside party to raise money. The practice of a large company taking a minority equity position in a smaller company in a related field.

private equity glossary

Foreign Exchange Markets

A non-binding agreement that outlines the major aspects of an investment to be made in a company. A term sheet sets the groundwork for building out detailed legal documents. Pro rata is from the Latin ‘in proportion.’ A VC with supra pro rata rights gives him or her the option of increasing his or her ownership of a company in subsequent rounds of funding. A company that a specific Venture Capital firm has invested in is considered a “portfolio company” of that firm. The act of a startup quickly changing direction with its business strategy.

Investment Period

This act establishes laws against misrepresentation and fraudulent activities in the securities market. Section 5 of the Securities Act requires that all non-exempt securities issuances be registered with the SEC. The most common exemption for an issuer of securities isRegulation D, which includes Rule504,505, and506 (including the new Rule 506). An operating agreement is the legal governing document for an LLC . This document specifies how ownership of the company is divided among the principals, voting issues, tax treatment, capital distribution and other important internal governance.

Form D is an SEC form used to file a notice of an exempt offering ofsecuritiesunderRegulation D. Privately held companies that raise capital are required to file a Form D with the SEC. Additionally, all state and federal investment advisor registrations are processed through FINRA’s Investment Advisor Registration Depository system.

Grasp The Accounting Of Private Equity Funds

The process of investing in assets that have correlations of less than +1 to each other. A financial instrument that pays a set rate of interest during its life and then pays back its face amount when it matures. For example, a 5% coupon ten-year bond will pay 5% of its face value in interest each year during its life, and it will pay back the original $10,000 at the end of the tenth year. For example, rather than say “fees are 75 one-hundredths of a percentage point,” investment professionals say “fees are 75 basis points”. A financial statement that shoes what is owned , what is owed to creditors , and what is left over for owners , as of a specific point in time, generally the end of a fiscal quarter or year.

NASDAQ is a computerized system that provides brokers and dealers with price quotations for securities traded over-the-counter as well as for many New York Stock Exchange listed securities. Market risk – The possibility that an investment will not achieve its target.

Return On Capital

For example, an enterprise server startup pivoting to become an enterprise cloud company. A company is bootstrapped when it is funded by an entrepreneur’s personal resources or the company’s own revenue. Evolved from the phrase “pulling oneself up by one’s bootstraps.” Individual private equity glossary who provides a small amount of capital to a startup for a stake in the company. Typically precedes a Seed Round and usually happens when the startup is in its infancy. Yield to maturity distribution – The average rate of return that will be earned on a bond if held to maturity.

The purchase of a controlling interest in a corporation in order to take over assets and/or operations. Investment markets in countries which are not fully developed and where there may be a higher risk of default. The performance objective or standard used to define the return against which another portfolio is to be evaluated. A security whose value and income private equity glossary payments are derived from, and collateralized by, a specified pool of underlying assets, such as loans, leases, credit cards, and royalties. Learn what it takes to establish a successful captive insurance company—one that sets the standard and withstands the test of time. Provides step-by-step instructions that would benefit novices and seasoned veterans alike.

YTD Return – Year-to-date return on an investment including appreciation and dividends or interest, minus any applicable expenses or charges. YTD – Year-to-date return on an investment including appreciation and dividends or interest. YTD total return – Year-to-date private equity glossary return on an investment including appreciation and dividends or interest. Turnover Ratio – Percentage of holdings in a mutual fund that are sold in a specified period. Time horizon – The amount of time that you expect to stay invested in an asset or security.

private equity glossary

Standard & Poor’s Index – Broad-based measurement of changes in stock market conditions based on the average performance of 500 widely held common stocks commonly known as the Standard & Poor’s 500 or S&P 500. Sharpe Ratio – A risk-adjusted measure that measures reward per unit of risk. The numerator is the difference between the Fund’s annualized return and the annualized return of the risk-free instrument (T-Bills). Share classes – Classes represent ownership in the same fund but charge different fees.

The cash-on-cash return is the ratio of annual before-tax cash flow to the total amount of cash invested, expressed as a percentage. The Adjusted Tax Basis is the proportionate value of an asset or security after adjusting for any deductions taken on, or capital improvements to the asset or private equity glossary security. Adjustable-Rate Mortgages are mortgages whose interest rates vary according to some benchmark. Generally, the loan starts with a fixed rate for a period, then moves to one where the rate is adjusted every month. An individual who holds or manages assets for the benefit of another.

A financial instrument that pays a set rate of interest during its life, and pays back its principal at maturity. Portfolios that lie on the Efficient Frontier are said to be efficient, that is, expected to obtain the maximum return per unit of risk taken on. Portfolios that lie below this line as said to be inefficient, that is, expected to obtain something less than the maximum return per unit of risk taken on.

Annual report – The yearly audited record of a corporation or a mutual fund’s condition and performance that is distributed to shareholders. Alpha – The amount of return expected from an investment private equity glossary from its inherent value. A round in which the valuation of the company declines relative to the previous round. This might trigger anti-dilution provisions in the investment agreement.

Investment grade bonds – A bond generally considered suitable for purchase by prudent investors. Interest-rate risk – The possibility of a reduction in the value of a security, especially a bond, resulting private equity glossary from a rise in interest rates. Growth stock – Typically a well-known, successful company that is experiencing rapid growth in earnings and revenue, and usually pays little or no dividend.

Federal Reserve Board – The governing board of the Federal Reserve System, it regulates the nation’s money supply by setting the discount rate, tightening or easing the availability of credit in the economy. Exchange privilege – The ability to transfer money from one mutual fund to another within the same fund family. Typically about three weeks before the dividend is paid to shareholders of record. Dividend paid – Amount paid to the shareholder of record a security or mutual fund. Distribution schedule – A tentative distribution schedule of a mutual fund’s dividends and capital gains. Default – Failure of a debtor to make timely payments of interest and principal as they come due or to meet some other provision of a bond indenture.

  • The realization multiple measures the actual money paid back to investors in a private equity fund.
  • In some cases there is a provision of a portion of pro rata (e.g. 50%) or investors convert to common equity.
  • The realization multiple measures the return that is realized from the investment.
  • Wealthy individuals that invest in startups in their early stages of development or seed round of fundraising.
  • In addition to the above ratios, the fund’s internal rate of return since inception, or SI-IRR, is a common formula that potential private equity investors should recognize.
  • There are two basic types of Price Antidilution Protection; Full Ratchet and Weighted Average.

Only registered broker-dealers are permitted accept commissions or othertransaction-based compensationfor making capital introductions. So-called “finders” or unregisteredplacement agentsthat make capital introductions are not permitted to accept any form oftransaction-based compensationfor capital raising efforts. In most states, issuers have fifteen days from the date of first subscription by an investor in a given state to make a blue sky filing.

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